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  • IIR Member news: Carrier Transicold rents 2,000 CO2 reefers for shipping

    Global shipping company MSC Mediterranean Shipping will lease 2,000 containers using Carrier Transicold’s NaturaLINE® CO2 refrigeration system.

    • Publication date : 2018/10/18
  • Flower pot as natural bio air conditioning system.

    Created by Zurich-based independent designer Thibault Faverie, Cold Pot is a terracotta pot that gradually lowers the air temperature around it through a natural evaporation process.

    • Publication date : 2014/02/20
  • GL2012 highlights: latent cold thermal storage: the energetic benefits

    In response to German climate protection goals, requiring 80-95 % cuts in CO2 emissions before 2050, Michael Kauffeld presented a paper on “The Energetic Benefit of Latent Cold Thermal Energy Storage” at the 10th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on...

    • Publication date : 2012/11/20
  • Energy saving initiatives for cooling in data centres

    In January 2021, Europe’s leading cloud and data centre operators signed the Climate Neutral Data Centre Pact, a self-regulatory initiative to become climate neutral by 2030. According to recent studies, free...

    • Publication date : 2021/02/25
    • Subjects: Environment, Technology
  • LNG cold energy recovery for salmon aquaculture

    A team of Korean researchersis proposing a novel application of LNG cold energy recovery for aquaculture. 

    • Publication date : 2023/02/20
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Briefs: Cool logistics

    Carrier Transicold has launched NaturaLINE, a range of refrigerated-container technology using natural refrigerants claimed to be the first in the world. Working with Hapag-Lloyd, a Hamburg-based shipping company, Carrier has been testing the...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/11
  • Briefs: Britain’s greenest supermarket?

    Tesco has opened its flagship environmental store in Wick in northern Scotland. The 4600 m2 store is expected to produce 50% less carbon emissions than a conventional supermarket of comparable size. Besides using wind turbines, solar cells and...

    • Publication date : 2007/02/12
  • Marine refrigeration

    The use of natural refrigerants is gradually spreading. Here are two examples of their use in the marine sector: - Environmentally-friendly fish transport American Freedom is one of the world's largest refrigerated ships and can hold up to...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • R&D

    The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a new air-conditioning system combining membranes, evaporative coolers and desiccants into a single device with the objective to suit to all climates,...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Green buildings

    Moscow City Tower is to be Europe's tallest and the world's second tallest building. The 600-m naturally ventilated tower designed by Norman Foster will accommodate 25 000 people - a city unto itself - and the designer is aiming for LEED gold...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • CO2 supermarkets: Tesco

    Designed as Tesco's first zero-carbon store, the new store at Ramsey, Cambridgeshire, UK, is completely HFC-free. The supermarket is hence using natural refrigerants CO2 and hydrocarbons throughout its refrigerators, freezers, heating, ventilation...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Refrigerant news: Training in CO2

    - NVKL, the Dutch association of contractors, distributors and manufacturers, recently opened the first training centre of natural refrigerants in Europe. The new training centre is located in Ede, the Netherlands. It comprises: detection and...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • CO2 applications: First hospital catering facility refrigeration system to run with CO2 in the UK

    A CO2 unit supplied by Green & Cool has been installed and commissioned by CCS Refrigeration, through Aggora on behalf of Medirest to provide for the on-site catering requirements of patients, restaurant and hospital staff at the Homerton...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Residential CO2 heat pump system for combined space heating and hot water heating

    This paper was presented at the IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference in Glasgow (Sep. 2004). A theoretical and experimental study was carried out for a residential brine-to-water CO2 heat pump system for combined space heating and hot water heating - a...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/24
  • Launch of the first R1234ze free-cooling chillers

    The “first to market” TurboChill free cooling chillers using low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant R1234ze are going to be launched.

    • Publication date : 2013/12/18
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/05/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information