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  • International events: Belgrade

    The IIR co-sponsored 40th International Conference on Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration took place in Belgrade, Serbia, on December 2-4, 2009. With 750 participants from 20 countries, 63 papers and 132 exhibitors, the event was highly...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • International events: Belgrade

    The 39th International Congress and Exhibition on heating, refrigeration and air conditioning in Belgrade, Serbia, an IIR-co-sponsored event, took place on December 3-5, 2008. It celebrated the IIR's centenary and the role of Serbia from the very...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • Upcoming IIR events: Belgrade

    International Conference on Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning, an IIR-co-sponsored conference, will be held on December 6-8, 2006 in Belgrade, Serbia. Consult the programme:

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • New IIR Publication: Bibliography on CO2

    Bibliography on CO2: 2004-2006 references and abstracts This CD-ROM contains the bibliographical references and summaries of over 200 recent articles on CO2 and its various applications in the fields of refrigeration, air conditioning and heat...

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • IIR Congress 2023: You can submit an abstract again thanks to the session on “Work in Progress & Innovations”

    Here’s your chance to submit an abstract to the innovative session on “Work in progress & Innovations” at the 26th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration 2023. Submit an abstract from...

    • Publication date : 2022/10/26
    • Subjects: Technology, Environment, General information
  • 26th International Congress of Refrigeration: A Remarkable Success

    The 26th International Congress of Refrigeration (ICR), held on August 21-25, 2023, left an indelible mark on the world of refrigeration, serving as a resounding success with the active participation...

    • Publication date : 2023/09/04
    • Subjects: Technology, Environment, General information
  • Cryogenics and Low-Temperature Physics: New Horizons and Challenges

    This Focus written by Ralf Herzog*, President of the IIR’s Cryophysics, Cryoengineering commission (Commission A1) for the Newsletter of the IIR is the third in a series of presentations of the activities and hot research topics handled by the...

    • Publication date : 2012/09/21
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/09
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction