IIR document

Review of life cycle climate performance analysis.

Number: pap. S15-P3



A holistic evaluation of the refrigerant life cycle is required to evaluate the true cost of a refrigeration unit and the most accurate and rigorous analysis to date is life cycle climate performance, which incorporates all aspects of a refrigerant’s life cycle, from production to usage to disposal. This article presents a comprehensive review of current life cycle climate performance research for the five major contributors to direct and indirect refrigerant emissions: mobile air conditioning units, supermarket refrigeration systems, unitary heat pumps, and commercial chillers. Most research shows that the direct effects of refrigerant leakage throughout a systems lifecycle are vastly outweighed by the indirect effects due the energy consumed to operate the system. Increased research and development of more efficient compressors and secondary loop refrigerant systems, along with additional safety measures, will aid in the use of more flammable and/or toxic refrigerants, such as low Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerants, CO2, ammonia, propane, and isobutane.

Available documents

Format PDF

Pages: 12 p.


  • Public price

    20 €

  • Member price*


* Best rate depending on membership category (see the detailed benefits of individual and corporate memberships).


  • Original title: Review of life cycle climate performance analysis.
  • Record ID : 30007442
  • Languages: English
  • Subject: Environment, HFCs alternatives
  • Source: 2nd IIR International Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain. Proceedings: Paris, France, April 2-4, 2013.
  • Publication date: 2013/04/02


See other articles from the proceedings (79)
See the conference proceedings