Refrigeration sector monitoring
The benefits of thermal energy storage for cold chain applications
Several presentations at the IIR ICCC 2022 conference focused on the potential applications of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and Phase-Change Materials (PCMs) and highlighted the...
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Cryogenic carbon capture technologies
Cryogenic carbon capture is in the early stages of development, however, several projects have achieved a Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of 6, for applications such as blue...
Refrigerated transport: innovations and challenges for sustainability
Review of the most promising technologies for refrigerated transport: vapour compression systems with natural refrigerants, photovoltaic systems with electrical energy storage,...
Europe: the proposal to review the F-Gas Regulation has been published, and the proposal to ban PFAS has been delayed.
At the beginning of April, the European Commission published a proposal to update the F-Gas Regulation . In addition, the proposed PFAS ban has been delayed for six months.
Reefer container throughput in main European ports.
In 2021, Europe’s leading ports were back to pre-pandemic levels of cargo and container throughput.
EU requires cold treatment for citrus imports
According to a new EU legislation, a mandatory cold treatment will be required for citrus fruits imported from non-EU countries.
US HFC phase-down: alternative refrigerants for commercial refrigeration
2022 marks the start of new HFC regulatory requirements in the US. An online tool is available that presents alternative refrigerants for commercial refrigeration.
A low-GWP cooling system for the Eiffel Tower
The ageing R407C cooling system in the tower’s west pillar has been replaced with an energy efficient system using low GWP R1234ze(E).
Honey is an efficient natural cryoprotectant in fertility preservation
While several review articles point to the need for new, effective and less toxic cryoprotectants, honey has proven to be an effective non-penetrating...
Latest IPCC report predicts an increased risk of heatwaves
The IPCC report published in February 2022 highlights several risks posed by rising temperatures, such as increased heat waves and greater energy demand for space...
Radiative cooling: protecting ice from melting under sunlight
Researchers have developed a biodegradable film made of cellulose acetate which, thanks to its radiative cooling properties, effectively protects ice subjected to solar radiation from melting, with possible...
The potential for seabed geothermal energy in the UK
An international study has shown the potential for using capillary heat exchangers for heat pumps in the shallows of the seabed, with the potential to provide heating for homes.
The strong growth of the cold chain in China
Supported by five-year development plans, the field of cold chain logistics is growing strongly in China, as illustrated by the 17% increase in cold storage capacity in 2020 compared to the previous...
US : increasing use of CO2 and propane in commercial refrigeration
As a result of regulations aimed at limiting the use of HFCs, the use of CO2 and propane as refrigerants in supermarkets in the United States is experiencing a steady growth.
Latest news about regulation in Europe
The European “F-gas” Regulation and the EN 378 standard are currently being revised at European level. Latest news on these two flagship texts.
LNG, a pillar of EU gas supply diversification
Given the geopolitical context, the EU has presented a plan to phase out its dependence on fossil fuels from Russia well before 2030 and, in particular, to reduce its imports of Russian gas by two thirds by the...
Global LNG market: review of 2021 and forecasts for 2022
According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the global LNG market grew by 6% in 2021 in comparison with 2020. However, it is projected to slow down in early...
A milestone for road transport: 500 LNG stations in Europe
As of February 2022, the Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA Europe) has identified 500 LNG stations in Europe and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)...
Refrigeration continued to drive sales of large household appliances in France in 2021
According to Gifam, a grouping of home appliance brands, sales of refrigerators, freezers and wine coolers increased in France in 2021.
Renewable energy for heating and cooling in the EU in 2020
The share of renewable energy sources used for heating and cooling in the EU continues to increase steadily, from 22% in 2019 to 23% in 2020. The share was above 50% in six Member...
Impact of ageing on the energy efficiency of refrigerating household appliances
A recent study shows an average increase in energy consumption of 11% after 2 years of operation and 27% after 16 years for these appliances. Ageing wall insulation and door gasket contribute to this...
Commercial refrigeration: marketing of R471A, a new alternative to R404A
Honeywell recently announced the marketing of R471A, a non-flammable refrigerant with a GWP under 150. It is expected to replace R404A in medium temperature commercial refrigeration...
Low GWP refrigerants for Olympic ice rinks in China
For the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games in Beijing, nine ice rinks are used. five use CO2 as a refrigerant, and four use R449A.
Cryochemistry: chemical reactions accelerated by freezing
Surprisingly, some chemical reactions can be accelerated by freezing. The possible applications of studying such cryoreactions include the food and pharmaceutical cold chain, as well...
5th generation district heating and cooling networks in Europe
A recent generation of district heating and cooling networks is developing in Europe, using low temperature renewable energy heat sources (such as shallow...
Recycling could significantly cut down emissions from HFC production
A team of researchers estimated that with 30% of recycled refrigerants in the annual output, CO2 emissions from the production of R134a could be reduced by about a...