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  • Conference reports: Sydney

    The 9th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Working Fluids was held in Sydney, Australia, on April 12-14, 2010. Almost 200 participants from 28 countries were able to gain an insight into this increasingly mature technology. The proceedings...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Conference reports: Oran

    LNG 16, a conference co-organized by the IIR, was held in Oran, Algeria, on April 18-21, 2010. In spite of the volcanic ash cloud that grounded many potential participants, LNG 16 attracted 1800 participants from 58 countries, and 674...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Conference reports: Tokyo

    ACRA2010, the 5th Asian Conference on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, was held in Tokyo on June 7-9, 2010. This fifth successful IIR-co-sponsored event in the series attracted 156 attendees from 12 countries. Order the proceedings containing...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Upcoming conferences: Boatou

    The 4th International Conference on Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature (Thermag IV) is to take place in Baotou, China, on August 23-27, 2010. Register now for this fourth cutting-edge event in the series!

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Upcoming conferences: Sofia

    The 9th IIR Conference on Phase-Change Materials and Slurries for Refrigeration and Air Conditioning will be held on September 29-October 1, 2010 in Sofia, Bulgaria. Check out the draft programme and register now so you make sure you don't miss...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Upcoming conferences: Shanghai

    The IIR-co-sponsored 9th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET 2010) will take place in Shanghai, China, on August 24-27, 2010. For full details: www.set2010.org

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Upcoming conferences: Dinan

    Pôle Cristal Symposium, an IIR-co-sponsored event, will be held in Dinan, France, on October 7-8, 2010. It will focus on solutions for energy-efficient buildings. For full details:

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Briefs: Statutory meetings

    The IIR's statutory committees met in Paris on June 9-11, 2010. In particular, the committees took decisions regarding IIR publications policy and the new information system and related new IIR services that will be implemented in 2011. The aim is...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Briefs: Mr Qiu Zhongyue awarded

    Mr Qiu Zhongyue has been awarded the French Refrigeration Association's prestigious Charles Tellier Medal. Mr Qiu has worked at the Chinese Association of Refrigeration for over 30 years and has led many actions designed to enhance international...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Briefs: Obituaries

    Prof. Josef Ota, member of the International Advisory Board of the International Journal of Refrigeration, of the board of Chalzeni a klimatizace (a Czech journal of refrigeration and air conditioning) and member of Commission B1, Associate...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG