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  • For IIR members only

    Recent advances in hydrogen liquefaction and storage

    Several review articles present a comprehensive overview of the liquid hydrogen supply chain. IIR members Linde and Air Liquide are contributing to address the global demand for...

    • Publication date : 2023/06/28
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Briefs: Mahindra introduces Hy-Alfa hydrogen-powered three-wheeler

    Three-wheeled vehicles are common on the streets in India. However, these vehicles are generally either human-powered or they run on gasoline, often using highly polluting two-stroke motors. Mahindra, a major vehicle manufacturer in India, has its...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Briefs: Thermoacoustics

    A project led by the University of Nottingham aims at developing a device acting as a refrigerator, cooker and power generator, using biomass fuels such as wood. The SCORE (Stove for COoking, Refrigeration and Electricity) is based on the use of...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Report on "Cryogen-Expo" 2004, Moscow

    The 3rd International Specialized Trade Fair "Cryogen-Expo", was held in Moscow on November 16-19, 2004. The main purpose of this successful event was to demonstrate and promote the achievements of cryogenic engineering and applied technologies in...

    • Publication date : 2004/12/22
  • ASHRAE Technology Awards: winning project features green design

    The ASHRAE Technology Awards recognize outstanding achievements by members who have successfully applied innovative building design in the areas of occupant comfort, indoor air quality (IAQ) and energy conservation. The designs incorporate ASHRAE...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Briefs: Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) equipped with CO2 air-conditioning systems

    In most automotive air-conditioning systems, fluid, heated by the engine, is circulated through the heater to warm the passenger compartment. However, in FCVs and electric vehicles, a heat source is lacking, as they do not have an internal...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) equipped with CO2 air-conditioning systems

    In most automotive air-conditioning systems, fluid, heated by the engine, is circulated through the heater to warm the passenger compartment. However, in FCVs and electric vehicles, a heat source is lacking, as they do not have an internal...

    • Publication date : 2004/05/25
  • Better air in planes - at last!

    A series of technical changes is making it possible to improve the quality of cabin air in airplanes which until now has been invariably dry and poor in oxygen. The reason: the air was derived from the jet engines. This so-called "bleed air" is...

    • Publication date : 2007/02/12
  • LNG vessels

    The world's largest LNG vessel, Mozah, recently made its maiden visit to the South Hook LNG Terminal in Milford Haven, UK, heralding a new era in the history of liquefied natural gas (LNG) transportation. The Q-Max ship measures 345 metres long,...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Brief: RAC05

    RAC05 took place in Birmingham , UK , on March 1-3, 2005 and was highly successful. For the first time, the IIR was visible at RAC, thanks to the kind invitation of the UK Institute of Refrigeration (IoR), who provided the IIR witha stand within...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Superconductivity for aircrafts?

    NASA recently published plans for the development of aircraft using superconductivity for a time frame around 2030. This could allow for noise reduction, improved carbon footprint and energy savings. The main advantage of HTS machines is that they...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Cheers to that!

    An innovative brewery refrigeration system that uses natural CO2 gas has been conceived by engineers from the Ziemann Group in collaboration with Axima. This system, which will be of particular interest to large plants with extensive pipe networks...

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • German researchers approach absolute zero

    Physicists at the University of Bremen, Germany have produced the lowest temperature ever recorded, at 38 picoKelvin, which is 38 trillionths of a degree above absolute zero.

    • Publication date : 2021/11/15
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Korea: GHP market success

    Korea's first gas engine driven heat pump (GHP) has been successfully commercialized since October 2005 by LS Cable using its own technology. Given the heavy use of air conditioners during the summer months and peak high energy consumption, the...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Climate control in the Gibraltar tunnel project

    A project for a tunnel linking Punta Paloma in Spain and Malabata Point in Morocco and currently in preparatory phase raises some interesting and crucial climate control issues. Governments of both nations appointed the Swiss engineer Giovanni...

    • Publication date : 2008/05/13
  • News from IIR members: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration’s eLearning group prepares Italian engineers to gain the European F-Gas certification.

    • Publication date : 2012/11/27
  • ICR 2011 in Prague: a Resounding Success

    The 23rd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration held in Prague, on August 21-26, 2011, was highly successful...

    • Publication date : 2011/08/30
  • Editorial by Didier Coulomb

    The 23rd International Congress of Refrigeration (ICR2011) will take place in Prague on August 21-26, 2011. This will be the key refrigeration event in 2011 and will deal with all facets of refrigeration and refrigeration technology. Around...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Brief: IOR's Anniversary

    Over 900 persons attended the UK Institute of Refrigeration (IOR)'s 106th Anniversary Dinner which was held on February 8, 2006 at Grosvenour House Hotel, London, appropriately in the ballroom, a former ice skating rink. In his speech, the...

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • News from IIR members: Mega project for Technip

    Shell Gas & Power Developments BV is joining forces with Technip and Samsung to design, build and install multiple floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) facilities over a period of up to 15 years. Shell and Technip-Samsung also signed a...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • International events: Moscow

    The First International Scientific Conference on Industrial Gases was held at Bauman Moscow State Technical University (MMSTU) in Moscow on March 11, 2009, under the auspices of the IIR. It marked the 100th anniversary of the First Congress of...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • IIR Working Parties

    The IIR has 10 commissions: Cryophysics, cryoegineering (A1); Liquefaction and separation of gases (A2); Thermodynamics and transfer processes(B1); Refrigerating equipment (B2); Cryobiology, cryomedicine (C1); Food science and engineering (C2);...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • Discover the newly-elected IIR Section and Commission heads

    Welcome the IIR’s new statutory body members!

    • Publication date : 2019/08/29
  • Activities of the IIR’s Commission A2 on Liquefaction and Separation of Gases

    The problems related to thermodynamic optimization and new technologies in liquefaction and separation of gases are actual and critical for many branches of modern industry, power generation and medicine.

    • Publication date : 2014/03/07
  • Philippe Lebrun awarded the Samuel C. Collins Award

    Philippe Lebrun, President of IIR Section A “Cryogenics and liquefied gases” and member of the IIR Management Committee, has just received the prestigious Samuel C. Collins Award.

    • Publication date : 2015/07/10
  • The IIR brings women in refrigeration to the forefront

    Discover the reasons why the IIR organised its first fun and informal workshop on “Women in Refrigeration” during ICR2015.

    • Publication date : 2015/09/09
  • ICR2015: A stimulating environment for dynamic exchanges

    With a focus on improving standards and the quality of life of many worldwide, as well as emphasising the importance of preserving the earth through the advancement of refrigeration applications and technology, ICR2015 is expected to attract a...

    • Publication date : 2015/04/08
  • IIR Conference: Prague

    Prague , Czech Republic , is to host three cryogenic conferences, Cryoprague 2006, on July 17-21, 2006 : Cryogenics 2006, an IIR conference, and 2 conferences to be co-sponsored, International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 21 (ICEC 21),...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • IIR conference papers visible in Scopus!

    From Scopus, it is now possible to download the papers of three IIR conferences indexed in Fridoc. Download them!

    • Publication date : 2017/01/19
  • Refrigeration now has its own day of the year

    As the only independent intergovernmental organisation in the field of refrigeration, the IIR joins associations and companies worldwide to support the initiative of an official World Refrigeration Day on 26 June every year.

    • Publication date : 2018/08/08
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/09
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)