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  • NASA tests on composite cryotank successful

    NASA recently completed a complex series of tests on one of the largest composite cryogenic fuel tanks ever manufactured,

    • Publication date : 2015/03/17
  • Instant milk-cooling system utilising propane and either ice slurry or traditional ice bank

    This paper was presented at the IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference in Glasgow (Sep. 2004). Two novel milk-cooling concepts have been designed and installed at two Danish farms. These systems have a respective capacity of 14 400 and 16 000 litres of...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/24
  • Water desalination thanks to freezing

    A new desalination process involving freezing has been developed and offers an alternative to the shortcomings of other technologies such as distillation or inverted osmosis.

    • Publication date : 2013/08/30
  • Briefs: Africa's first bio-bank

    South Africa's first bio-bank, a cold storage facility where samples from HIV clinical trials and other diseases can be stored for years to support future medical research, was launched recently. The state-of-the-art facility in Johannesburg is...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Briefs: first bank of coral cells

    US scientists have created the first bank of frozen coral cells, intended to preserve endangered coral species in Hawaii and protect their diversity. The bank so far contains frozen sperm and embryonic cells from mushroom coral and rice...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • The Gallic cock saved thanks to cryogenics

    The Gallic cock, of the Gauloise dorée breed, one of the most ancient French animal breeds, and France's national symbol, was gradually disappearing. Only 200 individuals, kept by amateur breeders, were left. One of the characteristics of this...

    • Publication date : 2005/01/12
  • Energy storage thanks to refrigeration

    Electrical energy is notoriously difficult to store, especially on a large scale and this can be particularly problematical when dealing with irregular sources such as wind power for which there can be a great mismatch between energy supply and...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/25
  • Capturing CO2 thanks to refrigeration

    Intensive research into capturing the CO2 created in fossil-fuel-based electricity production has been carried out for several years by Alstom. One of the technologies used is post-combustion separation using a solvent (amine or chilled ammonia)....

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Storing energy thanks to cryocooled air

    A new type of energy-storage process that can operate on a large scale.

    • Publication date : 2012/11/29
  • Saving water thanks to air conditioning

    Two Houston Universities are tapping into the city’s air-conditioning (AC) systems to conserve water in the midst of a historic drought.

    • Publication date : 2011/12/13
  • Recycling greenhouse gases thanks to cryogenics

    A new technology, developed and patented by ABB, enables comprehensive recycling of contaminated sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) gas by using an energy-efficient cryogenic process.

    • Publication date : 2012/10/01
  • Briefs: Losing weight thanks to cooling?

    Could cold temperatures become a way to lose weight? Three recent studies underline the role of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in burning fat to produce heat and regulate body temperature. Human adults were previously thought to be lacking BAT. All...

    • Publication date : 2009/08/13
  • Saving the Iberian lynx thanks to cryopreservation

    IZW scientists developed a method for cryopreserving oocytes and embryos of wild cat species.

    • Publication date : 2013/09/23
  • ICR2011 highlights: improving insulation thanks to vacuum

    Vacuum insulated panels (VIPs) are a new technology which is theoretically 5 times less conductive than classic polyurethane panels (3 times less in practice because of the various thermal bridges).

    • Publication date : 2012/01/05
  • Briefs: Water savings thanks to hybrid condensers

    Hybrid condensers offer significant water savings versus traditional water-cooled and evaporative condensers. They also make it possible to reduce energy consumption and refrigerant charge. In Australia, where water savings are a major issue since...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Kigali Amendment status per country

    List of the 160 countries that have accepted, approved or ratified the Kigali Amendment as of July 2, 2024.

    • Last update : 2024/07/02
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Regulations and standardization (Montreal and Kyoto Protocols…)
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers