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  • Sound waves to chill ice cream

    On April 15, 2004, Earth Day, Ben & Jerry's announced the development of an environmentally friendly thermoacoustic chilling prototype. Following a company-wide audit of Ben & Jerry's refrigeration uses and its impact on the environment,...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Sound waves to chill ice cream

    On April 15, 2004: "Earth Day", Ben & Jerry's ice-cream producers announced the development of an environmentally friendly thermoacoustic chilling prototype. Following a company-wide audit of Ben & Jerry's refrigeration uses and its impact...

    • Publication date : 2004/05/25
  • French Heat Wave Plan approved by the air-conditioning sector

    Following the heat wave in Europe during the summer 2003, the French health minister took part in a conference on the new government's Heat Wave Plan. During this conference, the role of air conditioning was recognized. The refrigeration and...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/15
  • Heat wave in Japan: sales of air conditioners on the increase

    This July, Japan suffered a record-breaking heat wave; temperatures on July 20, 2004 reached up to 39.5°C, the hottest temperature ever recorded in Japan since records began in 1923! Due to this heat wave, sales of air conditioners and other...

    • Publication date : 2004/09/14
  • The European Commission releases a “Renovation Wave Strategy” for more energy-efficient buildings.

    Decarbonisation of heating and cooling is among the top three priorities of the European Commission’s new “Renovation Wave Strategy”. The strategy promotes cooling and heating using waste heat or cold along with...

    • Publication date : 2020/11/05
    • Subjects: Regulation, Technology, Environment
  • Latest IPCC report predicts an increased risk of heatwaves

    The IPCC report published in February 2022 highlights several risks posed by rising temperatures, such as increased heat waves and greater energy demand for space...

    • Publication date : 2022/03/31
    • Subjects: Environment
  • Fridge recycling scheme in the favelas

    In 2000, the Brazilian government passed a law requiring that electricity providers invest 0.5% of their turnover in projects promoting energy efficiency, especially among the disadvantaged. Among these, a refrigerator exchange project in the...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/20
  • The future of air conditioning.

    Navigant Consulting, a specialized expert services firm, produced a report about the future of air conditioning for buildings providing interesting figures on the expected growth in air conditioning demand and its environmental impact.

    • Publication date : 2017/01/26
    • Subjects: Figures, economy, Environment
  • China first refrigerated container train leaves for Moscow.

    A new transport link between China and Russia.

    • Publication date : 2017/01/31
  • Briefs: Thermoacoustics

    A project led by the University of Nottingham aims at developing a device acting as a refrigerator, cooker and power generator, using biomass fuels such as wood. The SCORE (Stove for COoking, Refrigeration and Electricity) is based on the use of...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Briefs: Thermoacoustics for air conditioning

    The Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), is developing a new form of refrigeration for cooling at room temperature, based on thermoacoustics, which was previously used only for cryogenic temperatures. The technology PARC developed is claimed to...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • The race to design individual cooling devices

    Cooling individuals would be less energy-consuming and a lot cheaper than cooling entire buildings. Based on that principle, companies, start-ups, and researchers are racing to build wearable devices that can act like mini air-conditioning units.

    • Publication date : 2020/02/06
  • Record air-conditioning sales in France in 2004

    Clim' Info has published the sales figures for air-conditioning units until August 31, 2004 . For many units, during the January-August period, sales had already practically doubled. At the end of August, sales of interior units had risen by 142%....

    • Publication date : 2005/03/15
  • Markets: The European air-conditioning market

    The European air-conditioning market was estimated, by Daikin, at 5.2 billion euros in 2003, representing a 10% increase compared with 2002. This market is predicted to rise to 5.7 billion euros in 2004. This strong increase is above all due to...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • For IIR members only

    The impact of humidity on global demand for cooling energy

    Recent studies have highlighted the countries most affected by the need to adapt to rising temperatures. Assessing the impact of humidity on perceived temperatures also stresses out...

    • Publication date : 2023/09/25
    • Subjects: General information
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/09
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)