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  • Tetra Pak works on smart milk cartons

    Tetra Pak is developing a smart carton that will alert consumers when milk is past its best consumption.

    • Publication date : 2012/09/11
  • Metro is extending RFID to cases and cartons

    German retailer Metro is planning to start applying radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, with improved performance and capability, to cartons and cases in the fourth quarter of 2005. Metro and its industry partners, including Kraft Foods,...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Carbon Expo 2005

    Climate change is one of the main challenges facing humanity. The creation of market-based mechanisms and a global market in greenhouse gas reductions is a significant instrument to address this challenge. One part of the global carbon market has...

    • Publication date : 2005/01/12
  • Expanding market for hydrocarbon compressors

    Several compressor makers are introducing new models operating with hydrocarbon refrigerants. For example ComStar International Inc., will offer compressors with the newly approved R-441A (HCR 188C), patented blend of ethane, propane, butane and...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/15
  • First zero carbon building in Hong Kong

    In order to set an example, Hong-Kong’s Construction Industry Council commissioned its first Zero Carbon Building (ZCB). A ZCB goes beyond the common definition of zero energy buildings (ZEB) producing on-site renewable energy and exporting part...

    • Publication date : 2014/03/25
    • Subjects: Environment
  • Charge minimization in hydrocarbon systems

    This paper was presented at the IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference in Glasgow (Sep. 2004). It presents the results of the project to minimize charge in a R290 system that has 1-1.5 kW refrigeration capacity. Currently, there are many guidelines...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/24
  • Carbon capture on board LNG-fuelled ships

    A project involving science and industry partners has received EU funding to accelerate the uptake of ship-based carbon capture on LNG-fuelled ships.

    • Publication date : 2022/06/13
    • Subjects: Technology, Environment
  • Repealing the Carbon Tax in Australia.

    The Australian Government decided to abolish the carbon tax from 1 July 2014.

    • Publication date : 2014/07/08
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Abolition of the carbon tax in Australia.

    The Australian Government has abolished carbon tax, with effect from July 1, 2014.

    • Publication date : 2014/11/10
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Shenzhen: China's first pilot city for hydrocarbon air conditioning

    The city of Shenzhen is a pioneering the commercial application of hydrocarbon refrigerants to replace HCFCs in air conditioning.

    • Publication date : 2012/09/11
  • China evaluates the real risks of hydrocarbons

    According to JARN, China intends to switch half its production of split air conditioners to propane in order to meet the objectives of the HCFC Phase-Out Management Plan by 2015.This involved identifying potential leakage points and using...

    • Publication date : 2012/09/30
  • ICR2011 highlights: carbon capture and storage (CCS) perspectives

    During ICR2011, a complete session was devoted to carbon capture and storage (CCS). Berstad et al.(1) stressed that according to IEA, out of the targeted global annual CO2 emissions reductions – 50% by 2050 compared to 2005 levels –, CO2 CCS from...

    • Publication date : 2011/11/16
    • Subjects: General information, Environment
  • High efficiency, low carbon supermarket refrigeration

    This paper was presented at the IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference in Glasgow (Sep. 2004). A new but simple high efficiency refrigeration system design suitable for use in supermarkets has been developed based on standard components so that...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/24
  • Carbon dioxide snow to clean spatial telescope

    An interesting method to keep the Webb Space Telescope mirror, seven times larger than Hubble, spotless.

    • Publication date : 2015/11/02
  • Australia to set up a carbon price for HFCs

    In September 2011, the Australian Government introduced to the Parliament a set of Bills that aim to cut emissions of greenhouse gases by 159 million tonnes CO2 eq. a year. Included are bills that will introduce a carbon charge on imports of...

    • Publication date : 2011/12/05
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/09
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers