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  • Arkema announced the construction of a R1234yf production plant in China

    Arkema, French leading supplier of refrigerants, recently announced the construction of a R1234yf production plant in Changsu (near Shanghai), China.

    • Publication date : 2013/12/05
  • The LNG global production

    Global LNG production capacity to increase by 130 billion m3 by 2018 as 12 new liquefaction plants open IEA report says.

    • Publication date : 2014/01/30
  • Extracting cannabinoids using cryogenics

    Several companies specialising in liquefied gases are developing systems operating with liquid nitrogen for cannabidiol (CBD) producers. 

    • Publication date : 2022/05/27
  • Energy savings: Case study on a cool way to cut energy consumption in the UK food industry

    A collaborative research and development project led by a mechanical engineering team from Brunel University, UK, found that supermarkets and food processing plants could cut their energy costs by over 30% and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Ozone layer issues: China

    China Closes Ozone Depleting Chemical Plants. On July 1, China, the world's largest producer of CFCs and halon, shut down five of its six remaining plants, putting the country two and a half years ahead of the Montreal Protocol's 2010 deadline for...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • Briefs: Energy-efficient district cooling in Paris

    The chilled-water urban cooling network in Paris, run by Climespace is made up of 6 plants and chilled water storage systems, with a 250 MW total refrigerating capacity and distribution temperatures from 0.5°C-4°C. Two different technical...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Briefs: Record-breaking CDM deals in Asia

    The Clean Development Mechanism, established under the Kyoto Protocol, is a project and market-based mechanism that allows industrialized countries to invest in greenhouse-gas-mitigating activities in developing countries and earn certified...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • The HCFC phase-out challenge

    - The Montreal Protocol (MP) is unanimously considered as a resounding success of the international community. As of 2006, according to UNEP, the 191 Parties which have ratified the MP have reduced their consumption of ozone-depleting...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Trends

    - World: China and Denmark are the world's major reefer container manufacturers, and the refrigerating equipment used in China is generally US technology produced under licence in China . In 2002, over 80% of all reefer containers produced...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • News about IIR members: Air Products

    Air Products has launched a new air-separation plant in Tangshan, China, and will supply oxygen via a pipeline to Guo Feng Steel, along with liquid products to other customers in the region. With a production level of over 30 million tons, Guo...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Traceability in Finland

    The Finnish government has announced a clampdown on the traceability of fruit and vegetables. Finland's Plant Production Inspection Centre, National Food Agency, provincial governments and municipal food control authorities will work together to...

    • Publication date : 2005/03/15
  • Mexico

    Mexico has ceased all production of ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) 4 years ahead of the deadline defined in the 1987 Montreal Protocol. Figuring amongst the 189 nations to date to ratify the protocol on ozone-depleting gases containing...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • IIR Member news: Air Liquide

    Air Liquide, a corporate member of the IIR, has signed a contract with LGETA (LG Electronics Tianjin Appliances Co. Ltd.), for the supply of a wide range of gases to LGETA's expansion project in Tianjin. Tianjin is the 4th largest city in China,...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/10
  • World's biggest store

    The so-called world’s biggest cold store – 60-m long, 140-m wide and 36-m high – was installed in Catalonia, Spain, by Aislamientos Aiconsa.

    • Publication date : 2011/10/03
  • Marine refrigeration

    The use of natural refrigerants is gradually spreading. Here are two examples of their use in the marine sector: - Environmentally-friendly fish transport American Freedom is one of the world's largest refrigerated ships and can hold up to...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction