Search results

  • Mauritius breaks record with the largest diesel/photovoltaic system installed

    One of the world’s largest diesel/photovoltaic hybrid systems is to be installed in a supermarket in the city of Flacq, Mauritius.

    • Publication date : 2014/10/06
  • Accelerated deployment of LNG import facilities in Europe

    To cope with the drop in natural gas imports from Russia, some 25 new floating storage and regasification units should be installed in the European Union, with the first...

    • Publication date : 2022/09/28
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Biological effects of low temperature

    In the past couple of decades, the use of cryosurgery for the treatment of tumours, i.e. destroying abnormal lesions while protecting surrounding tissues, has spread. The biological effects of cryosurgery can be divided into 2 types: early/direct...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Brief: Cryotemperatures save flooded archives

    In February 2010, "Xynthia", a major storm swept over La Rochelle, France. In order to rescue the archives of the "Conseil Général de Charente Maritime" the departmental authority that were covered with 2-metre deep sea water, cryogenic...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Green cooling solutions for the Olympics

    VANOC, the Vancouver Organizing Committee (, claims that these Olympics are the greenest ever and there are whole lists of environmentally friendlier features in the venues. And...

    • Publication date : 2010/02/19
  • Alternative Cooling Technologies conference, London, 1st February 2005

    This conference, which was co-sponsored by the UK Institute of Refrigeration and organised commercially by RAC magazine, was well attended with about 140 people present. It was arranged in five sessions. In the first session, speakers from UK...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/11
  • Briefs: Refrigerated windmill provides drinking water

    A windmill equipped with a small cooling system produces up to 200 litres of drinking water/day. Collecting moisture from wind was already applied in Chile for instance, but by adding the small cooling device, it was possible for Marc Parent, the...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Cryogenics: A new cryocooler

    A new cryocooler has been demonstrated at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that combines small-size, rapid cooling, low temperatures and high efficiency. It is a "pulse tube" design that uses oscillating helium gas to...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • CHEs in heat pumps

    In its Annex 33, "Compact Heat Exchangers in Heat Pumping Equipment" issued in September 2010, the Heat Pump Programme details the benefits of using compact heat exchangers (CHEs): . Improved heat exchanger thermal effectiveness: thermal...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • A new solar-powered milk cooling system could benefit small-scale dairy farmers

    Researchers from the University of Hohenheim studied a solar milk cooling system which was tested in Tunisia and could be implemented in Kenya.

    • Publication date : 2018/06/22
  • Briefs: Chilled beams take off

    Several MIT buildings now boast what looks like slim, fin-tubed radiators in ceiling cavities. These cooling devices are chilled beams. They use water, not air, to remove heat from a room. The potential energy reduction of using chilled beams...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Scroll compressors offer top efficiency

    Scroll compressors offer top efficiency The Taiwan-based compressor manufacturer ChynTec International Co. Ltd. published an article earlier this year offering a synthetic comparison of the general performance of reciprocating, scroll and screw...

    • Publication date : 2005/12/22
  • Magnetic-bearing centrifugal compressors

    This new compressor technology - presented at the 2003 AHR Expo in Chicago - may have a significant effect on the future of mid-range chillers and rooftop applications in water-cooled, evaporatively cooled and air-cooled chilled-water and...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Briefs: Ice cream scoops

    A new edible antifreeze developed by a US researcher could keep ice cream smooth and tasty by preventing the formation of gritty crystals when the ice cream is subjected to sudden temperature fluctuation. The antifreeze contains proteins similar...

    • Publication date : 2008/05/13
  • Cryogenic applications: cryogenic system to recover volatile organic compounds

    In 2007, in France alone 12 000 tonnes of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were released from service stations, i.e. 1% of all such emissions in France. VOCs from service stations are detrimental to health and the environment and increasingly...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Conference: Oslo

    The First International Conference on Small Scale LNG in Europe, an IIR-co-sponsored event held in Oslo on September 29-30, 2005, attracted 121 experts from 18 countries. Twenty PowerPoint presentations were given. Unlike the widely used methods...

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • SophiA project: HKA Lab test progress

    SophiA HKA (Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences) Lab test is intended to provide a better understanding of the cooling system in in different climate zones.

    • Publication date : 2023/10/27
  • News from IIR members: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration just announced a new collaboration with Core Enterprises, an American portable instruments developer to distribute AccuToolsR eL-720 carbon dioxide gas leak detector. The detector is easy to handle and effective at locating even...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Briefs: CERTE Sub-Commission meeting

    The annual meeting of Sub-Commission (SC) D2 on Refrigerated Transport (CERTE), which took place in Prague, Czech Republic, was the occasion to discuss numerous technical questions on tests. It was decided to enlarge the scope of the SC and...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • Conference update: Ohrid

    The 3rd IIR event in a series, Ammonia Refrigeration Technology was held on May 7-9, 2009, in Ohrid, Macedonia. With 95 participants from 24 countries and 32 papers presented, the event was very successful. A key focus of this series of...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/27
  • Member news : Danfoss launches thermostatic expansion valve for CO2

    Danfoss has recently launched a thermostatic expansion valve for CO2, based on its TE2 valve. It is suitable for small to medium size remote refrigeration systems such as cold rooms and display...

    • Publication date : 2022/10/27
  • IIR member news: Cemafroid, IRSTEA and AFCE

    A new study on the containment of refrigerants has been launched with the aim of identifying and promoting best practices in this regard.

    • Publication date : 2015/10/07
  • The IIR at the heart of magnetic refrigeration

    Magnetic refrigeration technology proves more alluring than ever: conferences, workshops and research projects continue to make waves.

    • Publication date : 2015/03/25
  • News from IIR members: GDF-SUEZ

    GDF SUEZ continues to develop its small scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) activities in North West Europe following the awarding by Fluxys of additional berthing and storage capacity long-term rights at the Zeebrugge LNG terminal.

    • Publication date : 2013/06/20
  • New EU research project BETTED gets underway!

    The IIR is one of 10 partners of the new European research project aimed at promoting the energy transition of the dairy value chain.

    • Publication date : 2024/03/27
  • BETTED: a new IIR EU funded project

    This project aims to promote the energy transition of the dairy value chain. The kick-off meeting is scheduled for March 11-12 in Brussels (Belgium).

    • Publication date : 2024/01/26
  • IIR member news: A new BSRIA study on the global compressor market 

    A recent study by BSRIA shows that sales of refrigeration compressors in 2022 are expected to reach 502 million units with a value of USD 48.6 billion, up 15% year-on-year. 

    • Publication date : 2022/12/13
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Walk-In Cold Rooms: A Practitioner’s Technical Guide

    In many developing countries, agriculture is crucial to livelihoods, and developing the cold chain from field to table can boost incomes and stimulate economic growth. Cold stores are an essential link in the...

    • Publication date : 2024/01/24
    • Subjects: General information
  • Obituary: Einar Brendeng

    The IIR presents its deepest sympathy and sincerest condolences to Professor Einar Brendeng’s family, the Norwegian refrigeration industry and society.

    • Publication date : 2024/03/28
  • Cryogenics and Low-Temperature Physics: New Horizons and Challenges

    This Focus written by Ralf Herzog*, President of the IIR’s Cryophysics, Cryoengineering commission (Commission A1) for the Newsletter of the IIR is the third in a series of presentations of the activities and hot research topics handled by the...

    • Publication date : 2012/09/21
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics