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  • Appointments: Dana Gas

    United Arab Emirates: Mr Rashid Saif Al Jarwan has been appointed General Manager of Dana Gas and Mr Saif Ahmed Al Ghafli is now General Manager of ADGAS.

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • Thriving Chinese Gas Market

    The Chinese industrial gas market has been growing at a healthy rate for some time and it is believed that China could soon become the world's third largest industrial gas market if this growth is sustainable. This is quite possible: the Chinese...

    • Publication date : 2009/01/23
  • Thriving Chinese Gas Market

    The Chinese industrial gas market has been growing at a healthy rate for some time and it is believed that China could soon become the world's third largest industrial gas market if this growth is sustainable. This is quite possible: the Chinese...

    • Publication date : 2009/01/23
  • Briefs: NOAA Greenhouse Gas Index

    Researchers at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) developed what they call a "scientifically unambiguous" index, that they say will allow them to track changes in the gases that contribute the most to the warming...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • 2011 worldwide industrial gas market: recovery on hold

    Growth of the worldwide industrial gas industry in 2010 continued into 2011, but at a decreased rate.

    • Publication date : 2012/07/16
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Nestlé Japan’s Himeji factory’s natural gas cogeneration system

    Nestlé Japan's Himeji factory's natural gas cogeneration system has won the 9th New Energy Award in recognition of its high degree of innovation. The Himeji plant is used to produce soluble coffee cryogenically and has high energy efficiency (92%,...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • ICR2011 highlights: possibilities for micro-scale natural gas liquefaction

    Due to increasing energy demand, interest in micro-scale natural gas liquefaction plants for the exploitation of stranded wells is growing. At ICR2011, a team from Universita Politecnica delle Marche, Italy, presented a paper describing and...

    • Publication date : 2012/01/26
  • Newly introduced Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Levy in New-Zealand

    On July 1, 2013 the Synthetic Greenhouse Gas (SGG) Levy entered into force in New Zealand and applies to a range of goods including freezers, fridges and air conditioners.

    • Publication date : 2013/08/20
  • LNG for road transport and gas storage in Australia

    LNG is used increasingly as a diesel replacement fuel for heavy vehicles. Trucks that run on LNG require a special cryogenic fuel tank to keep the fuel chilled. LNG is highly compatible with diesel engines and is clean-burning. Its use in...

    • Publication date : 2012/05/11
  • GL2012 highlights: Experience from the Danish regulation on fluorinated gas

    In 2001 and 2002, Denmark introduced a national regulation on fluorinated greenhouse gases: they were banned for certain purposes and a tax of DKK 100 (around 13 €) per tonne of CO2 equivalents was imposed on the importation of HFC/PFC/SF6....

    • Publication date : 2013/02/01
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Japan: revised Fluorinated gas legislation to encourage rationalised use and proper management of fluorocarbons

    The Japanese Cabinet recently approved the “Bill for the Act for Partial Revision of the Act on Ensuring the Implementation of Recovery and Destruction of Fluorocarbons concerning Designated Products.”

    • Publication date : 2013/08/29
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • Briefs: Qatargas

    Qatargas has just announced that it has signed a sales and purchase agreement to sign 2 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of liquefied natural gas (LNG) under a 25-year contract to China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC). The LNG will be...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • Brief: Kogas

    Kogas had hoped to buy an extra 10 liquefied natural gas (LNG) cargoes ahead of the peak-demand winter season but is encountering a tight market. Besides annual supplies under term contracts, Kogas has recently been buying more than 30 LNG cargoes...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Recycling greenhouse gases thanks to cryogenics

    A new technology, developed and patented by ABB, enables comprehensive recycling of contaminated sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) gas by using an energy-efficient cryogenic process.

    • Publication date : 2012/10/01
  • WhatGas, a smartphone application listing refrigerants

    OzonAction has launched a useful application to identify refrigerant gases.

    • Publication date : 2017/09/07
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Kigali Amendment status per country

    List of the 160 countries that have accepted, approved or ratified the Kigali Amendment as of July 2, 2024.

    • Last update : 2024/07/02
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Regulations and standardization (Montreal and Kyoto Protocols…)
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • For IIR members only

    Global cold storage capacity

    This table presents the cold storage capacity in about 50 countries, based on data from the Global Cold Chain Alliance (GCCA).

    • Last update : 2021/12/06
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Refrigerated storage: economics and statistics
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO