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  • Continued increase in global LNG trade in 2019

    The global Liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade has continued to increase in 2019, with export growth coming from the USA, Russia, Australia, Algeria and Egypt. Asia Pacific and Asia remain the largest importing...

    • Publication date : 2020/05/27
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • 2014 worldwide helium market

    Currently, the US has the largest market for helium demand market, consuming approximately 32% of the total volume; Asia represents the second largest market with 31% of worldwide demand.

    • Publication date : 2015/11/12
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Revising A3 refrigerants charge limits to promote wider application

    A recent IJR paper examines the validity and form of charge limits for “highly flammable” A3 refrigerants, which constitute low-GWP alternatives to HFCs. Authors propose to eliminate upper charge limits for...

    • Publication date : 2020/06/30
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Global LNG supply: the potential of Africa, South and Central America

    IGU provides an update on the LNG supply outlook for countries in Africa, Central and South America. 

    • Publication date : 2022/10/27
    • Subjects: Figures, economy, Developing country
  • Successful test of a dilution refrigerator for quantum computers

    IBM scientists have succeeded in cooling a quantum computer chip to a temperature of 25 mK using a large-scale dilution refrigerator. 

    • Publication date : 2022/10/27
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Heat pump sales grew in Europe in 2020

    According to the latest market report by European Heat Pump Association (EHPA), heat pump sales grew by +7.4% in 2020, offering benefits both in terms of greenhouse gas emission...

    • Publication date : 2021/11/29
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • The global LNG market slowly recovers in early 2021

    According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), the global LNG market recovered modestly at the end of 2020, after a downward trend. The LNG market is expected to grow in 2021, albeit at a slow...

    • Publication date : 2021/02/23
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Low GWP blends for domestic air conditioning

    A review article presents the latest research trends on low GWP refrigerants, mainly HFC/HFO blends, for domestic air conditioning. 

    • Publication date : 2023/03/28
    • Subjects: HFCs alternatives
  • Star in the Shetlands: Star Refrigeration

    Star Refrigeration, a corporate member of the IIR, has equipped Shetland Catch Ltd. with new blast-freezing equipment, raising the capacity from 200 to over 750 tonnes per day. Shetland Catch's plant near Lerwick is now probably the largest...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/10
  • Charge minimization in hydrocarbon systems

    This paper was presented at the IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference in Glasgow (Sep. 2004). It presents the results of the project to minimize charge in a R290 system that has 1-1.5 kW refrigeration capacity. Currently, there are many guidelines...

    • Publication date : 2004/11/24
  • World’s largest reefer ship to boost fruits exports

    Exports of New Zealand kiwifruit and South African citrus fruits to Europe have been boosted by the commissioning of the world's largest reefer vessel.

    • Publication date : 2021/07/05
    • Subjects: General information, Figures, economy, Developing country
  • Trends and markets: AC market

    - According to a recent BSRIA press release, the air-conditioning market contracted by 11% compared to 2008, reaching USD 63.2 million in 2009. It is expected to see a slow recovery in 2010 with an expected growth rate of around 5%. In terms of...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • The global refrigeration compressor market

    Bien que pénalisé par la pandémie de Covid-19 qui a fortement impacté le secteur du conditionnement d’air, le marché des compresseurs a progressé dans certains domaines tels que la chaîne du froid, l’industrie...

    • Publication date : 2021/04/29
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Green light for VIP project

    The EU's sustainable development project aiming to reduce energy consumption has led to the recently concluded Vacuum Insulating Panels (VIP) project, initiated in 2001. According to the designers, these panels provide 5-7 times more insulating...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • The freeze on quick-frozen foods

    The UK frozen product market has remained stagnant for several years, as was confirmed in 2004 reports. Competing with an innovative refrigerated foods market in full expansion, the sales volume dropped over 2% during 2004, despite having 99%...

    • Publication date : 2005/11/23
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/09
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends