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  • Refrigeration and Food

    Given the ever-increasing processing and exportation of food, world food is consuming more and more energy by the day: a trend that threatens to send food prices rocketing overnight if not taken in hand. The US food system alone uses over 10.55 x...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • China food chain

    Last year, China reported almost 70 billion yuan (USD 8.63 billion) losses in discarded fruit and vegetables. Annual food production is estimated at USD 300 billion but over 20% of food is wasted during transportation due, according to the...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Markets: Frozen Foods - France

    In France, consumption of frozen foods is definitely on the rise: in 2005, the French spent 5.4 billion € on retailed frozen foods, 1 billion € of which was on ice cream. Between 2002 and 2005 ice-cream consumption rose by 10.4% despite relative...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Markets: Frozen Foods - China

    China has a clearly positive foreign trade balance. According to UbiFrance it represented 1.2 billion € in 2004. Imports are mainly centred on sea foods because of foreign companies, in particular from the USA, outsourcing their activity to China...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • US increasing food waste

    Food waste contributes to excess consumption of freshwater and fossil fuels which, along with methane and CO2 emissions from decomposing food, thus impact global climate change. In a recent paper published in the Public Library of Science ONE,...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Markets: frozen food: Europe

    The top 4 European countries in terms of consumption per capita of quick-frozen foods, excluding poultry, are Sweden (46.9 kg), Ireland, (46.6 kg), the UK (45.5 kg) and Denmark (45.2 kg). According to the Swiss research institute Food for Thought...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Markets: frozen food: Russia

    The frozen food sector in Russia, in particular seafood, is a dynamic, rapidly developing market. Market figures for frozen fruits and vegetables, including berries and mushrooms rise an average of 30% per year whilst the demand for frozen seafood...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Food invention: frozen tea cubes

    Iceland Food has expressed interest in a student prize-winning invention: frozen fruit tea cubes.

    • Publication date : 2013/09/12
  • United-States frozen food market

    Frozen food consumption receded by 0.7% in tonnage terms in 2010. However, at 49.7 kg per capita, according to “Food for Thought”, US consumption is still the highest in the world.

    • Publication date : 2012/04/26
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Briefs: World's largest food park

    Early 2010, the world's largest food park opened 20 km from Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. The 95-acre Patanjali Food and Herbal Park is to provide direct employment for 7000 people. The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) plans to set...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • China: Food safety improvements underway

    In the 1990s, China emerged as a low-cost exporter of food products such as vegetables, apples, seafood and poultry. But in recent years, China's exports slowed when shipments were rejected for failing to meet stringent standards in Japan, Europe...

    • Publication date : 2007/02/12
  • Briefs: Non-PVC Food Wrap

    Diamant Film, a Canadian company, is responding to banning of PVC stretch films used for foods and now has exclusive marketing and distribution rights for its non-PVC films in China, South Korea and Thailand. PVC films contain DEHA, a carcinogenic...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Higher temperatures for frozen foods?

    The British Frozen Food Federation (BFFF) is trying to gather data in order to support slightly higher temperature levels for frozen foods. As of now, foods can only be considered as quick frozen if they are maintained at a temperature of -18°C....

    • Publication date : 2007/12/03
  • Markets: world frozen-food market

    According to Euromonitor, the world frozen-food market is expected to grow by 14% between 2003 and 2008. The regions where frozen-food sales have increased the most between 1999 and 2003 are the Asia-Pacific area, Eastern Europe and Latin America....

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Trends and Figures: European food industry

    The average quantity of foodstuffs consumed each year by a typical European is 530 kg, 350 kg of which is either refrigerated or quick-frozen. Therefore, 172 million tonnes of foodstuffs are transported annually under controlled-temperature...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG