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  • Cryoablation benefits

    Cryoablation involving freezing balloon technology is claimed to enable highly precise targeting of the tissues to be destroyed without damaging the surrounding tissues.

    • Publication date : 2012/04/18
  • Cryotherapy benefits

    - Insep, the French institute dealing with sport, expertise and performance (Institut national du sport, de l’expertise et de la performance) is using cryotherapy on a large scale. Athletes in bathing costumes don gloves, slippers and a...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/20
  • Indoor climate: benefits

    A study led by the Technical University of Denmark (DTU), tends to show that improved indoor climate also improves school results. According to the ICIEE (International Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy), three experiments in which...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Benefits of thermal energy storage

    The use of thermal storage, coupled to a refrigeration unit, allows the user to reduce the cooling capacity of installed units, to lower operating costs and electric bills, to increase plant reliability and to provide an effective solution for...

    • Publication date : 2013/03/29
  • Infants with brain damage benefit from cooling

    Doctors at the UC Davis Medical Center have been using a cooling technique to help children born with brain damage. Instead of being placed in blankets after birth, the infants are being cooled in order to prevent further brain damage from occurring.

    • Publication date : 2012/07/31
  • Briefs: Financial benefits of frozen food highlighted

    A study commissioned by the British Frozen Food Federation (BFFF) and conducted by the Manchester Food Research Centre concluded that it was more cost-effective for foodservice establishments to buy prepared frozen alternatives, rather than to...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • ECOFRIDGES in Ghana: positive feedback from beneficiaries

    A recent video updates on the ECOFRIDGES GO programme in Ghana, implemented by the Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy (BASE), UNEP’s United for Efficiency (U4E) initiative and the...

    • Publication date : 2022/08/29
    • Subjects: Developing country
  • Benefits of refrigeration in reducing stomach cancers highlighted

    In its 2008 World Cancer Report, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that by 2010, cancer will be the leading cause of death in the world, surpassing heart disease and causing more deaths than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. WHO...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/24
  • GL2012 highlights: latent cold thermal storage: the energetic benefits

    In response to German climate protection goals, requiring 80-95 % cuts in CO2 emissions before 2050, Michael Kauffeld presented a paper on “The Energetic Benefit of Latent Cold Thermal Energy Storage” at the 10th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on...

    • Publication date : 2012/11/20
  • Briefs: Nitrogen blasting designed for beer shelf life boost

    Vacuum Barrier Corp. has developed Nitrojetter technology, which reduces oxygen levels within carbonated beverages in order to extend shelf life without affecting taste or colour. Nitrojetter uses liquid nitrogen steam that is fired into the...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/25
  • Out of the ordinary: Fed up with warm beer?

    Warm beer at a barbecue got young Kent Hodgson thinking about ways of cooling drinks without lugging around a chilly bin. The 22-year old New Zealand inventor has invented Huski, a device that turns a tepid beverage into a cold drink within...

    • Publication date : 2008/05/13
  • Benefits of energy-efficient refrigeration and of the Kigali Amendment

    Supported by figures, a recent IEA-UN Environment Programme report highlights the growing importance of refrigeration in the world and the necessity to deliver efficient and climate-friendly refrigeration for...

    • Publication date : 2020/09/04
    • Subjects: Environment
  • The benefits of 3D printing in refrigeration and air conditioning

    The various applications of 3D printing in the field of refrigeration and air conditioning highlight possible tremendous advantages in terms of energy efficiency and cost minimisation.

    • Publication date : 2020/05/27
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Out of the ordinary: Ötzi, the 5300-year-old iceman, has been reconstructed

    Ötzi, the 5300-year-old iceman, has been reconstructed 20 years after he was found on a glacier in the Italian Alps. The reconstruction performed by Dutch artists Alfons and Adrie Kennis is on display at the Archaelogical Museum in Bolzano, Italy,...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/09
  • Fast growing HFC levels could undermine climate benefits of the Montreal Protocol

    A WMO-UNEP report stresses that climate benefits of the Montreal Protocol could be offset significantly by projected emissions of HFCs used to replace ozone depleting substances.

    • Publication date : 2014/11/12
    • Subjects: General information, HFCs alternatives, Environment
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • For IIR members only

    Global cold storage capacity

    This table presents the cold storage capacity in about 50 countries, based on data from the Global Cold Chain Alliance (GCCA).

    • Last update : 2021/12/06
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Refrigerated storage: economics and statistics
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs