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  • China

    China 's first self-made LNG carrier is being constructed in Shanghai after almost 8 years of research, training of building specialists and planning. An LNG ship is worth between USD 170 million and 200 million. The vessel which is due for...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • China

    The Chinese State Environmental Protection Administration's Foreign Economic Co-operation Office said China will stop production of CFCs by the end of 2010 - as specified by the Montreal Protocol - by dismantling production in 37 CFC-producing...

    • Publication date : 2004/04/28
  • China

    - After having closed down all its production plants for CFCs well ahead of the schedule of the Montreal Protocol, China - which is the world's largest producer of ozone depleting substances (ODS) - including HCFCs - enacted on June 1, 2010, the...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • China

    China has scheduled to implement a Food Safety Law in 2006. A draft law has been prepared that covers general provisions, testing and analysis of food safety risks, production and operation of food, import of food, prevention and control of food...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • China

    In the People's Republic of China, targets have been recently set by the 11th Five-Year Plan to cut energy consumption by 20% per unit of GDP between 2006-2010. This entails strict energy policies in all economic sectors, including refrigeration...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • China

    The revised ‘Room Air Conditioner Energy Efficiency Restricted Value and Energy Efficiency Grade' Chinese standard was recently promulgated. The new standard has raised the base grade of air conditioner energy efficiency from 5 (2.6 energy...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Briefs: China

    China aims to save 75 TWh of power consumption per year - the equivalent of 75 million tonnes of CO2e by promoting energy-efficient air conditioners and other home appliances. The National Development and Reform Commission has detailed the first...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • China exports

    According to statistics from Chinaiol.com, Chinese exports of commercial air conditioners in the first half of 2009 were worth RMB 2 billion (about USD 293 million), a 42.8% decrease compared with the same period of 2008. This is the first time...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • China food chain

    Last year, China reported almost 70 billion yuan (USD 8.63 billion) losses in discarded fruit and vegetables. Annual food production is estimated at USD 300 billion but over 20% of food is wasted during transportation due, according to the...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Figures: China: LNG

    According to National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), China needs 100 to 120 billion m3 of natural gas annually until 2010 but will only produce 90 to 100 billion m3. NDRC projections predict annual demand to swell to 200 to 240 billion...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Figures: China: Cold chain

    China has become the largest food producing and consuming country in the world: both national production and consumption figures account for about 1/4 of the corresponding global figures and the proportion is still rising rapidly. According to...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Ozone layer issues: China

    China Closes Ozone Depleting Chemical Plants. On July 1, China, the world's largest producer of CFCs and halon, shut down five of its six remaining plants, putting the country two and a half years ahead of the Montreal Protocol's 2010 deadline for...

    • Publication date : 2007/08/05
  • China’s new national standard

    - China's new national standard for the minimum allowable energy efficiency levels related to room air conditioners officially entered into force on March 1, 2005. This standard classifies household appliances into five grades according to their...

    • Publication date : 2005/09/30
  • Markets: Frozen Foods - China

    China has a clearly positive foreign trade balance. According to UbiFrance it represented 1.2 billion € in 2004. Imports are mainly centred on sea foods because of foreign companies, in particular from the USA, outsourcing their activity to China...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Figures: China: Air conditioning

    According to recent figures issued by the China Commodity Marketplace, China produces 70% of air conditioners worldwide. Production reached 63 million units between August 1, 2006 and July 31, 2007. The main cause of such high figures is the rapid...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • LNG China

    The first LNG China event took place in Beijing on June 28-30, 2011. This conference and exhibition attracted 390 participants from 10 countries and comprised a 1-day training session run by the Gas Technology Institute. The conference focused...

    • Publication date : 2011/08/09
  • CRH 2015 - China Refrigeration 2015

    Continued focus on providing persistent improvement and innovation in the HVAC&R industry. Highlights included a Demonstration Pavilion for cold chain solutions, Ozone2Climate Roadshow & Roundtable, and a side-event covering EU F-gas...

    • Publication date : 2015/04/15
  • Event report: China Refrigeration Expo 2011

    The 22nd International Exhibition for Refrigeration, Air-conditioning, Heating and Ventilation, Frozen Food Processing, Packaging and Storage (China Refrigeration Expo 2011) was held on April 7-9, 2011 in Shanghai. This key event was sponsored by...

    • Publication date : 2011/05/19
  • Catch up on the IIR Working Group on LCCP evaluation in Chicago

    IIR Working Group on Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) evaluation continues to make impressive headway.

    • Publication date : 2015/02/11
  • Now available: ICCC 2018 conference papers and proceedings

    Couldn't attend the 5th IIR Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain (ICCC 2018) in Beijing, China, last month? Download the conference proceedings and papers.

    • Publication date : 2018/05/18
  • ICCC 2018 welcomed nearly 200 participants

    Hosted by the Chinese Association of Refrigeration, the 5th IIR Conference on Sustainability and the Cold Chain welcomed nearly 200 participants this month in Beijing, China.

    • Publication date : 2018/04/19
    • Subjects: Environment, General information
  • The Beijing Congress

    The 22nd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration will be held in Beijing, China, on August 21-26, 2007. IIR congresses are held every 4 years in various parts of the world, showing the global influence of the IIR. The previous event was held...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • The Beijing Congress

    The 22nd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration will be held in Beijing, China, on August 21-26, 2007. IIR congresses are held every 4 years in various parts of the world, showing the global influence of the IIR. The previous event was held...

    • Publication date : 2007/05/04
  • New IIR members

    The IIR welcomes the following new members: Corporate members Liebherr-Hausgergerate Ochsenhausen GmbH, Ochsenhausen, Germany Shrieve Products International Ltd, West Malling Kent, United Kingdom Refrigeration Solutions (Pty) Ltd, Cape...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Past events: The IIR around the world, october 2022

    A look back at the latest events in which the IIR participated.

    • Publication date : 2022/10/27
  • Magnetic refrigeration: a promising technology

    The IIR decided, a few years ago, to set up a Working Party on Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature, and has organized 4 conferences: in 2005 in Switzerland, in 2007 in Slovenia, in 2009 in the USA, in 2010 in China. We published articles in...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Conference update: Des Moines

    During the conference the Working Party on Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature of the International Institute of Refrigeration held one of its periodical meetings. All conference members were invited to participate and they where...

    • Publication date : 2009/06/24
  • June 2004: fruitful meetings of the IIR’s statutory committees

    Here are some highlights of the annual meetings of the IIR's statutory bodies (Management Committee, Science and Technology Council [STC] and Executive Committee): Strategic Plan of the IIR Four years after having adopted its Strategic...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Conference update: Shanghai

    The 4th International Conference on Cryogenics - ICCR'2008 will be held in Shanghai, China on April 6-9, 2008. Contact: zhangp@sjtu.edu.cn

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Upcoming IIR events: ICR2007

    22nd IIR International Congress of Refrigeration (ICR2007): Refrigeration Creates the Future will take place on August 21- 26, 2007 in Beijing, China. Keep updated and register:www.icr2007.org

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2022/11/21
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers