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  • Dry-ice blasting: an efficient way to clean food-production equipment

    Continental Carbonic claims it has found a way to clean food-production equipment with less water and faster results than conventional methods

    • Publication date : 2014/07/10
  • Out of the Ordinary: Ice Magic

    Ice Magic in Paris is an ice sculpture exhibition. This year's theme was "Around the World". An insulated pavilion at a temperature of -6°C on the Champs-Elysées housed the temporary exhibition featuring the Coliseum, the Parthenon, the...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/11
  • Out of ordinary: ice sculpture

    Ice Sculptures Unlimited, based in Richmond, Virginia (USA) is specialized in custom-made ice sculptures including company logos, ice bars and food displays.

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Out of the ordinary: ice cream

    A group of New Zealand scientists has developed a new therapeutic to help cancer patients recover from chemotherapy. Development of the ice cream, named ReCharge, began 8 years ago with the formation of LactoPharma, a collaborative research...

    • Publication date : 2010/05/27
  • Out of ordinary: Oldest Ice Skates?

    The oldest pair of skates known date from about 3000 BC and were found at the bottom of a lake in Switzerland. They were made from the leg bones of large animals, holes were bored at each end of the bone and leather straps were used to tie the...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Out of the ordinary: Trendy ice bars

    - London's first Ice Bar is maintained at a temperature of -5°C. Absolut Vodka and Ice Hotel have joined forces to create an environment with the décor, bar stools and glasses made of ice imported from within the Arctic Circle.

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • Out of ordinary: Ice skating inside and out

    The National Gallery of Art in Washington DC has an ice-skating rink in its Art Sculpture Garden. Skaters can view sculpture as they skate, then go inside the museum and see paintings of ice skaters, including Gilbert Stuart's The Skater(Portrait...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • Briefs: A CO2 secondary refrigerant system to test icebreakers

    Travelling through the North Pole's ice-capped seas could reduce sea transport distances between Hamburg and Osaka, Japan, or Shanghai, China, for instance, by more than 4000 nautical miles, thus allowing for great time and financial savings. The...

    • Publication date : 2009/02/25
  • Out of the ordinary: Vanilla and ice skating on the Eiffel Tower

    Special treat for the festive season: skating on a 200 m² vanilla-perfumed rink 57 m above ground level on the Eiffel Tower, with hot wine and cakes served as refreshments. Installing the rink was a technical feat: 10 tonnes of refrigerating...

    • Publication date : 2005/02/11
  • Out of the ordinary: Ötzi, the 5300-year-old iceman, has been reconstructed

    Ötzi, the 5300-year-old iceman, has been reconstructed 20 years after he was found on a glacier in the Italian Alps. The reconstruction performed by Dutch artists Alfons and Adrie Kennis is on display at the Archaelogical Museum in Bolzano, Italy,...

    • Publication date : 2011/06/09
  • Out of the ordinary: incredible sun glacier leaf will use Sahara sun and humidity to make ice

    There’s more than one way to use the sun, and nothing proves this better than Ap Verheggen’s incredible SunGlacier Leaf. This solar-powered leaf has the potential to create a lot of ice and water – in the middle of the Sahara. The 200 m²...

    • Publication date : 2012/02/21
  • CAL - NASA’s Space Cryocooler

    NASA’s new facility, Cold Atom Lab (CAL), expected to reach effective temperatures down to 100 pico-Kelvin (pK), will be used for the study of ultra-cold quantum gases in the microgravity environment on the International Space Station (ISS). (en...

    • Publication date : 2014/07/03
  • Cryochemistry: chemical reactions accelerated by freezing

    Surprisingly, some chemical reactions can be accelerated by freezing. The possible applications of studying such cryoreactions include the food and pharmaceutical cold chain, as well...

    • Publication date : 2022/02/28
    • Subjects: Technology, Environment
  • Briefs: Cryocooling in outer space

    MELFI (Minus Eighty degrees Celsius Laboratory Freezer) has been developed for the International Space Station (ISS) under a European Space Agency (ESA) contract for NASA. It is used to preserve biological and scientific samples until they return...

    • Publication date : 2007/11/20
  • Cryogenic testing on the successor of Hubble Telescope

    NASA engineers completed final cryogenic testing on James Webb Space Telescope a few months ago.

    • Publication date : 2018/05/23
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/06/02
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/05/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)