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  • Africa: First Ozone village in Africa

    The Nigerian government announced in August 2009 that it intends to build a revolutionary ozone village in Ogun State. The project will feature locally manufactured prototype ozone-friendly systems, CFC recovery and recycling, and hydrocarbon...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • Africa: a project to replace CFC chillers in Africa

    A new UN Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) and French Global Environment Facility (FFEM) joint project aims at replacing chillers in several African countries. A survey conducted in Cameroon, Egypt, Namibia, Senegal and Sudan, identified...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • Briefs: Africa's first bio-bank

    South Africa's first bio-bank, a cold storage facility where samples from HIV clinical trials and other diseases can be stored for years to support future medical research, was launched recently. The state-of-the-art facility in Johannesburg is...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Fresh out of Africa

    The annual production of fruit and vegetables in Burkina-Faso is estimated at over 300 000 tonnes. It encompasses more than 30 000 producers and 25-30 km² of market garden produce and 120 km² of orchards. The official opening of the SOBFEL, the...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/24
  • Briefs: Largest distribution centre in Africa

    The centre, built by Woolworths in Midrand, South Africa has a surface area of 72 000 m². The 2-stage refrigeration system uses 4.2 tons of ammonia. It operates at -9°C/+32°C on the low stage while the high-stage ammonia circuit is used to chill...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • Discussion around solar fridges in Africa

    A manufacturer from Swaziland recently presented three new SolarChill prototypes operating with hydrocarbon refrigerant at a side event of the Open Ended Working Group to the Montreal Protocol held in Geneva and attracted a lot of interest from...

    • Publication date : 2012/02/09
  • Natural refrigerants in emerging countries: South Africa

    South Africa is facing an energy shortage and a rise in electricity prices. Natural refrigerants, which have important energy saving potential, are now being introduced, especially in supermarkets. Here are 2 examples: . GTZ has offered technical...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • Solar cooling for large buildings in South Africa

    A solar cooling solution to reduce energy costs for large buildings by combining high-efficiency chillers with hybrid solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) technologies has been introduced in South Africa.

    • Publication date : 2013/07/02
  • Markets: Chinese AC exports to Africa are soaring

    Exports of air conditioners from China to Africa grew to over 28.8 million units in the first 8 months of 2010, an increase of 51.3% over last year, according to Chinese customs figures. This growth is even greater than that of Chinese exports of...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • African AC market begins to shine.

    Air conditioner exports from China to Africa increased by 19% in the first half of 2016.

    • Publication date : 2017/03/02
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Strong growth in the African air-conditioning market

    Africa is gaining more attention as a potential market in the current sluggish global economic environment

    • Publication date : 2013/02/15
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • In-transit cold treatment facilitates imports of South African fruits in India

    A recent agreement between India and South Africa for in-transit cold treatment should benefit South African exporters of apples and pears.

    • Publication date : 2022/09/12
    • Subjects: Figures, economy, Developing country
  • The African air conditioner market in 2015

    The market decreased by 8.2% year on year in 2015 with market scale falling to 2.6 million units.

    • Publication date : 2016/09/30
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • A new African Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Cooling and Cold Chain

    A new African Centre of Excellence for sustainable cooling and cold chain (ACES) based in Rwanda, will help African farmers get their produce to market quickly and efficiently, thus reducing food waste, boosting...

    • Publication date : 2020/11/05
    • Subjects: Technology
  • HCFC phase-out and HFC phase-down discussed by African Ozone Officers (en anglais)

    At the end of March 2017, fifty National Ozone Officers met in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, to review challenges related to the phase-out of HCFCs and the phase-down of HFCs.

    • Publication date : 2017/04/06
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives, Developing country
  • For IIR members only

    Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2022/10/12
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2022/11/21
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2022/06/20
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG