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  • Briefs: USA

    - The US Department of Energy (DOE) has published on August 31 the first energy efficiency standards for refrigerated vending machines. The new standards take effect in 2012 and over the following 30 years, DOE estimates it will save about 47 TWh...

    • Publication date : 2009/12/09
  • Cold Train in the USA

    Launched in early 2010, the "Cold Train" Pacific Northwest-Chicagoland Express Refrigerated Intermodal Service operates in partnership with BNSF and the Port of Quincy, Washington.

    • Publication date : 2013/01/04
  • Cold storage capacity in the USA

    According to the 2012 IARW Cold Storage Report, with 112 million m3, the USA has the largest cold-storage capacity of any single country in the world.

    • Publication date : 2013/06/06
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • USA's largest ground-source heat pump

    The conversion of Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana, to a geothermal ground-source heat pump, reportedly the largest project of its kind in the USA, has entered its second and final phase.

    • Publication date : 2012/07/24
  • Briefs: CO2 systems Receive Awards in the USA

    Three companies developing or using CO2, received awards in the United States in 2010: Kysor/Warren, a company based in Georgia was honoured with the 2009-2010 GreenChill Distinguished Partner Award, from the US Environmental Agency (EPA) for its...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Regulations and use of HFCs in the USA

    Under section 608 of the Clean Air Act, it has been illegal since November 15, 1995, to knowingly vent substitutes for CFC and HCFC refrigerants during the maintenance, service, repair and disposal of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment....

    • Publication date : 2004/09/14
  • USA: EPA proposes final phase-out schedule for R22

    The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recently released its proposal for the final phase-out timeline of R22.

    • Publication date : 2014/02/25
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • European Union: fall in HFC usage in 2011

    According to the recent European Environment Agency (EEA) “Fluorinated greenhouse gases 2011” summary on data reported under the “F-Gas Regulation”, F-gas production (-5% in weight), imports (-6%) and intra-EU sales (-12%) of F-gases fell between...

    • Publication date : 2012/12/10
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Greenhouse gas emissions in the USA

    During the 2005-2012 period, US greenhouse gas emissions dropped by 10.0% while HFCs rose by 26.2%.

    • Publication date : 2014/08/28
  • Frozen food market in the USA and Europe

    In the USA, frozen food sales came to about USD 53 billion in 2016.

    • Publication date : 2018/02/28
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • US: first propane cold storage system to be installed?

    Newark Refrigerated Warehouse plans to install a cold-storage refrigeration using propane in the USA.

    • Publication date : 2017/03/22
  • USA: Update on the high-GWP HFC ban

    In January, the U.S. Court of Appeals denied petitions for a rehearing of its ruling on high-GWP HFCs.

    • Publication date : 2018/03/22
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • Canada could follow US with HFC bans in certain applications

    At the UN Climate Summit held in New York on 23 September, the Canadian Environment Minister, Leona Aglukkaq, announced that the government would soon publish a Notice of Intent to regulate HFCs in-line with the proposals recently published by the...

    • Publication date : 2014/10/31
    • Subjects: Regulation, HFCs alternatives
  • USA : new energy efficiency standards for commercial equipment

    The US Department of Energy issued draft energy efficiency standards for commercial refrigeration equipment – such as self-contained commercial fridges, freezers, and deli cases – and for walk-in freezers and coolers.

    • Publication date : 2013/11/12
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • USA: Impact of online grocery shopping on cold storage demand

    The evolution of shopping habits may demand cold storage space optimization in the US.

    • Publication date : 2018/06/06
    • Subjects: Figures, economy
  • Obituary: Aldo Dellacasa

    The IIR would like to express its sincere condolences to the family and relatives of Dr. Eng. Aldo Dellacasa, who died on August 19, 2018, at the age of 93.

    • Publication date : 2018/09/20
  • Available now: All 474 papers from the Purdue Conferences 2018

    Welcoming 800 participants from 30 different countries, the 2018 Purdue Conferences took place at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, USA, from July 9 to 12, 2018.

    • Publication date : 2019/05/06
  • News from IIR members: Tecumseh

    Tecumseh Products Company opened its new Global Technology Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

    • Publication date : 2012/09/11
  • Second meeting of the IIR Working Party on LCCP Evaluation in Gaithersburg

    The second meeting of the IIR Working Party on Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) Evaluation took place at NIST in Gaithersburg, MD, USA.. The minutes of the meeting and other documents can be consulted on the Web page of the working party. The...

    • Publication date : 2012/11/12
  • See you at the 16th IIR-Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants 2024

    The next IIR-Gustav Lorentzen conference will take place from 11 to 14 August 2024 at the University of Maryland - College Park (Maryland), USA.

    • Publication date : 2023/06/22
    • Subjects: Environment, General information, HFCs alternatives
  • Download the new IIR Informatory Note on Solar Cooling

    Solar cooling may have a very positive environmental impact reducing the usage of fossil fuel, and the technology is almost mature enough to compete with conventional cooling equipment.

    • Publication date : 2017/05/15
  • New IIR members

    Here are the private members worldwide who have joined us over the past year. We are very pleased to welcome them. Several members are from countries that are not yet member countries. We also have a lot of new junior members (under 35 years) and...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Meeting: Orlando

    Didier Coulomb attended the ASHRAE Winter Meeting in Orlando (USA) in February 2005. This important conference and large exhibition for air-conditioning and refrigeration engineers, particularly from the USA, also was the occasion to strengthen...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • New IIR members

    The IIR welcomes the following new members: - Corporate members Frigrite Refrigeration Pty, Cheltenham, Australia Grenco Refrigeration Ltd, West Malling, UK Grundfos Management, Bjerringbro, Denmark IIAR, Arlington, USA Sofrigam, Nanterre,...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/12
  • New IIR members

    The IIR welcomes the following new members: Corporate members - A2 Inc, New York, USA - Grasso Products BV, s'Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands - Hoshizaki Electric Co. Ltd, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan - Parasense Ltd, Gloucester, United Kingdom...

    • Publication date : 2006/11/15
  • International events: Des Moines

    The 3rd IIR International Conference on Magnetic Refrigeration at Room Temperature (THERMAG III) was held in Des Moines, Iowa, USA on May 11-15, 2009. The conference had three major themes: magnetocaloric materials (40% of papers), theory and...

    • Publication date : 2009/08/13
  • UN Climate Change Conference in Bali

    - The 13th United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change, which was also the 3rd meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, took place in Bali, Indonesia, on December 3-14, 2007. More than 10 000 persons attended this event which...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/15
  • New IIR members

    The IIR welcomes the following new members: Corporate members JBT FoodTech AB, Helsingborg, Sweden Playcube SARL, Paris, France Air Products & Chemicals Inc, Allentown PA, USA Private members Mr Michael Aarup, Denmark Dr Maria...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • The International Journal of Refrigeration (IJR)

    The IJR is the most important scientific journal in the field of refrigeration technology. It is a co-publication of Elsevier and the IIR. Eight issues are published each year, with over 15 articles per issue. Certain issues are totally or...

    • Publication date : 2006/07/26
  • Send in your abstracts to the LNG2023 Conference and Exhibition!

    This unique event series focuses on the technical and commercial aspects of the LNG industry, gathering thousands of professionals, numerous exhibitors and the most influential global energy companies all in one...

    • Publication date : 2022/02/15
    • Subjects: Technology, Environment
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • For IIR members only

    Global cold storage capacity

    This table presents the cold storage capacity in about 50 countries, based on data from the Global Cold Chain Alliance (GCCA).

    • Last update : 2021/12/06
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Refrigerated storage: economics and statistics
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)