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  • Food invention: frozen tea cubes

    Iceland Food has expressed interest in a student prize-winning invention: frozen fruit tea cubes.

    • Publication date : 2013/09/12
  • BOC’s refrigerants team

    According to BOC's refrigerants team, one in three plants runs on contaminatedrefrigerant. BOC's team tested over 50 industrial installations and found that 36% of refrigerant blends tested did not meet specifications and required complete...

    • Publication date : 2005/10/26
  • IPCC/TEAP Special Report

    The Summary for Policy Makers of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)/ Technology and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) Special Report "Safeguarding the ozone layer and the global climate system: issues related to hydrofluorocarbons...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Brief: UK rise in ready-steady meals

    The UK market for chilled, ready-made meals has grown from an estimated GBP 173 M in 1988 to over GBP 1750 M in 2005 and is continuing to evolve showing that these perishable prepared foods stored at refrigeration temperatures at or below 8°C are...

    • Publication date : 2006/01/28
  • Briefs: IPCC/TEAP Special Report on Ozone and Climate

    The 8th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 14th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol invited the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Technology and...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • IIR Member news: GEA installs a transcritical CO2 system on cruise ships.

    International technology group GEA signed a contract with P&O Cruises, the world’s largest commercial cruise ship operator, for its new transcritical CO2 industrial refrigeration technology.

    • Publication date : 2018/09/20
  • A seawater district cooling system in the Caribbean.

    A study by Makai Ocean Engineering analyzed the feasibility of using cold deep seawater for a district cooling system in the Caribbean.

    • Publication date : 2015/10/13
  • An air conditioning system using cold ocean water in Mauritius

    The Indian Ocean island of Mauritius has obtained a grant to install an air conditioning system for the inhabitants of its capital, Port Louis, which will use cold ocean water.

    • Publication date : 2014/02/23
  • New Monaco Yacht Club House to be cooled thanks to ocean water

    Monaco’s new yacht club sticks to the sea-water cooling tradition.

    • Publication date : 2013/09/24
  • A laser beam which cools liquids

    The first laser refrigeration process was demonstrated in vacuum conditions in 1995. Twenty years later, a team from University of Washington explains in a study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, how a laser can...

    • Publication date : 2016/05/17
  • Magnetic-bearing centrifugal compressors

    This new compressor technology - presented at the 2003 AHR Expo in Chicago - may have a significant effect on the future of mid-range chillers and rooftop applications in water-cooled, evaporatively cooled and air-cooled chilled-water and...

    • Publication date : 2004/07/27
  • Briefs: Chilled beams take off

    Several MIT buildings now boast what looks like slim, fin-tubed radiators in ceiling cavities. These cooling devices are chilled beams. They use water, not air, to remove heat from a room. The potential energy reduction of using chilled beams...

    • Publication date : 2010/03/07
  • For IIR members only

    Chilled water cooling pads to reduce heat stress in pigs

    A team of scientists at Purdue university in the USA has developed cooling pads to keep pigs cool and reduce the impact of heat stress on milk output and piglet...

    • Publication date : 2023/11/28
    • Subjects: Technology
  • Cooling coffee bean to improve flavour.

    A simple discovery which could have a major impact for the coffee industry.

    • Publication date : 2017/03/09
  • Latest progress in the Caribbean Cooling Initiative

    Jamaica and the Dominican Republic are working towards setting up policies and minimum energy efficiency requirements to reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions from cooling. 

    • Publication date : 2021/05/31
    • Subjects: Regulation, Developing country, Environment
  • IIR member news: Cemafroid, IRSTEA and AFCE

    A new study on the containment of refrigerants has been launched with the aim of identifying and promoting best practices in this regard.

    • Publication date : 2015/10/07
  • The Norwegian Royal Ambassy visit to INDEE+ educational unit in IIT Madras

    To acknowledge the efforts of INDEE+, the Norwegian Ambassador Hans Jacob Frydenlund, Arvind Gopinath (Honorary Consul), Ms. Marit Marie Strand (Advisor), Mr. Vivek (Senior Advisor) and other team members...

    • Publication date : 2022/09/28
  • New IIR Informatory Note on Liquefied Natural Gas

    The latest IIR Informatory Note stresses that LNG is expected to play a major role in global energy strategies as it has many advantages and helps mitigate global warming when used instead of coal and...

    • Publication date : 2023/06/28
  • March 2023: An active communication and awareness campaign for INDEE+

    March 2023 was marked by a series of communication events for INDEE+, gathering all project partners and key Indian HVAC&R stakeholders in India.

    • Publication date : 2023/04/26
    • Subjects: Developing country
  • Brief: Dr Peter Egolf

    Dr Peter Egolf, President of the IIR's Working Party on Magnetic Refrigeration, and his team at the Institut de Génie Thermique de l'Ecole d'ingénieurs du Canton de Vaud has won the Prix Spécial Energie awarded by the Office Fédéral de l'Energie...

    • Publication date : 2006/05/05
  • Join the FRISBEE Demonstration Day!

    On August 29, 2014, for the official closing of FRISBEE, the consortium will hold a “FRISBEE Demonstration Day”

    • Publication date : 2014/07/30
  • Valuable publications: Refrigeration Fundamentals

    Refrigeration Fundamentals: this IIR course deals with refrigeration fundamentals, components of refrigeration plants, the refrigerants and lubricants used, and control systems. It is an attractive and valuable teaching tool that technicians and...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • News from IIR members

    The IIAR has teamed up with RETA and IARW to produce a Training Guideline in order to make training more comprehensive and consistent. The guideline can be used to set up tailored training programmes. The aim is to enhance safety and operations...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • The Centenary in Paris and future events

    A joint IIR/French Refrigeration Association (AFF) conference was held in Paris on June 12, 2008 in order to celebrate the centenaries of both organizations. It was combined with the IIR statutory meetings on June 10, 11 and 13 and with various...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • UN Climate Change Conference in Bali

    - The 13th United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change, which was also the 3rd meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, took place in Bali, Indonesia, on December 3-14, 2007. More than 10 000 persons attended this event which...

    • Publication date : 2008/02/15
  • New IIR publication: Serving the Needs of Mankind: a History of Refrigeration

    This 40-minute DVD produced for the 21 st IIR International Congress of Refrigeration held in Washington DC in August 2003 retraces the history of refrigeration from prehistoric times to today and touches on future challenges and potential...

    • Publication date : 2005/06/14
  • Obituary: Mr Ernst

    The IIR wishes to express its sympathy to the family and relatives of Mr Claude Ernst. For over 7 years, Mr Ernst took part in the selection and indexation of articles for the Fridoc database. His understanding of several European...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Conference update: Ohrid

    The 3rd IIR event in a series, Ammonia Refrigeration Technology was held on May 7-9, 2009, in Ohrid, Macedonia. With 95 participants from 24 countries and 32 papers presented, the event was very successful. A key focus of this series of...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/27
  • News from IIR members: MYCOM Mayekawa

    The Japanese compressor manufacturer MYCOM Mayekawa will be introducing its high-efficiency NH3/CO2 cooling system NewTon3000 within the context of the Garden City Ammonia Program (GCAP). GCAP is actively promoting CO2 emissions reduction and...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Obituary: Per-Oskar Persson

    The former Managing Director of Frigoscandia AB, Per-Oskar Persson of Helsingborg, Sweden passed away on August 26, 2008, at the age of 84. He was an Honorary Member of IIR, President of Commission D1, 1971 - 1979, and Head of Section D 1979 -...

    • Publication date : 2008/09/29
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, HFO et HCFO, Blends
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Environmental impact of the ice cream industry

    This summary document describes the environmental impact of ice cream manufacturing, which is mainly due to the energy consumption and refrigerants used.

    • Last update : 2022/11/17
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Nanorefrigerants

    Nanorefrigerants are created by adding nanoparticles in suspension to a base refrigerant. They have a thermal conductivity that is 15% to 104% higher than that of the corresponding...

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English, French
    • Themes : Nanofluids
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG