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  • European Commission

    The European Commission presented on August 1, 2008, a proposal to amend current Regulation 2037/2000 on ozone depleting substances (ODS) highlighting the interplay between both the ozone depleting and global warming effect from such substances...

    • Publication date : 2008/10/25
  • European legislation and cogeneration

    COGEN Europe has issued a new briefing paper on "European Policy and Legislation affecting Cogeneration", which summarises the most important pieces of legislation relevant to the development of cogeneration in Europe. This document shows that the...

    • Publication date : 2005/01/12
  • Refrigerant news: European Union

    The European Union has agreed to provide € 400 000 funding for a German information campaign on climate friendly air-conditioning systems in cars. The campaign will be led by the environmental group Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH). "Pro Climate:...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • European minisplits: market overview

    A recent analysis of the European minisplit market carried out by BSRIA forecasts steady growth overall in the next few years. Thanks to data collected from nine of the largest producers in Europe, and further interviews among other market to...

    • Publication date : 2005/11/23
  • European cold Store benchmarking study

    The European division of the Global Cold Chain Alliance (GCCA) is carrying out a benchmarking study for the European public refrigerated warehouse industry, focusing on facility and equipment data such as capacity, order picking, handling...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/04
  • Market: European heat pump market

    - The European Heat Pump Association (EHPA) has published an updated version of its outlook for the European heat pump market. The report shows that after 2 years of very difficult economic times, the market decline has stopped and heat pump...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/07
  • Reefer container production at its peak

    Reefer container production increased greatly during 2011, beating their previous annual peak in 2008 by over 30%.

    • Publication date : 2012/06/22
  • European Commission investigates over R1234yf patents

    On December 16, 2011, the European Commission (EC) has "opened antitrust proceedings concerning agreements between Honeywell and DuPont" for the development of R1234yf for air-conditioning systems in cars. "

    • Publication date : 2012/02/27
  • Briefs: English pears all year round

    Tesco, a UK-based retailer, has announced the availability of English pears all year round. Until now, the autumn fruit, which some consider the best in the world, was only available from September-May. Tesco's biggest pear supplier, Adrian...

    • Publication date : 2011/02/11
  • European Union: Revision of EN378 standard

    The European Standard "Refrigerating systems and heat pumps - Safety and environmental requirements" has been republished following comprehensive review. The previous version of the standard, EN378:2000, has been withdrawn and replaced by...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • Trends and Figures: European food industry

    The average quantity of foodstuffs consumed each year by a typical European is 530 kg, 350 kg of which is either refrigerated or quick-frozen. Therefore, 172 million tonnes of foodstuffs are transported annually under controlled-temperature...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • European Union: New energy labelling rules

    New EU energy labelling rules and efficiency requirements will apply to household equipment including refrigerators and freezers, after a committee of experts approved them on March 31, 2009. The new energy labels are based on the existing A to G...

    • Publication date : 2009/05/18
  • New European ecodesign regulation for air conditioners

    New European Regulation 206/2012 that sets minimal performance requirements for air-conditioners will enter into force in January 2013.

    • Publication date : 2012/09/18
    • Subjects: Regulation
  • The European Intermodal Research Advisory Council

    The European Intermodal Research Advisory Council, set up on May 3, 2005, forms the basis for coordinated intermodal research strategy for Europe. Composed of some 50 key players from large intermodal businesses, intermodal rail and road...

    • Publication date : 2005/07/19
  • Trends and Figures: European dairy products

    Recent figures show that Europe, with a 42% share in the worldwide market, is the largest market for dairy products. The cheese market accounted for 50% of European sales in 2007. The global market for dairy products is expected to reach USD 305...

    • Publication date : 2008/08/12
  • For IIR members only

    Heat pump stock in Europe

    This table presents the stock of installed heat pumps, the CO2 emissions avoided and the number of jobs in the heat pump sector in Europe.

    • Last update : 2021/12/14
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Heat pumps, energy recovery: economics and statistics
  • Cryogenics in the pharmaceutical industry: drug design and bioavailability improvement

    Research activities in the pharmaceutical sector focus primarily on developing novel drug formulations which can elicit the desired response upon being administered to the patient...

    • Last update : 2023/03/10
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freeze-drying in biology and medicine, Cryobiology, cryomedicine: general information
  • Global warming potential (GWP) of HFC refrigerants

    Using the latest updated data from UNEP’s RTOC 2022 report, we have compiled the 100-year GWP and 20-year GWP values of hydrofluorocarbon-based (HFC) refrigerants. Our table includes...

    • Last update : 2023/09/15
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : HFCs
  • Additive manufacturing of heat exchangers

    In the refrigeration industry, additive manufacturing (colloquially referred to as “3D printing”) makes it possible to fabricate novel, complex and potentially more energy efficient...

    • Last update : 2022/09/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Evaporators, condensers and other heat exchangers
  • Thermophysical properties of HFC refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 100 HFC refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : HFCs, Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Thermophysical properties of HFO refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 50 HFO refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Blends, HFO et HCFO
  • Kigali Amendment status per country

    List of the 160 countries that have accepted, approved or ratified the Kigali Amendment as of July 2, 2024.

    • Last update : 2024/07/02
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Regulations and standardization (Montreal and Kyoto Protocols…)
  • Thermophysical properties of hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Thermophysical properties of over 20 hydrocarbon refrigerants, including single-component and blends.

    • Last update : 2022/06/17
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Blends
  • Cold storage conditions for fruits and vegetables

    Practical recommendations for the cold storage of over 200 cultivars of fruits, vegetables and herbs (storage temperatures, relative humidity, storage time, controlled atmosphere...

    • Last update : 2023/01/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Fruit, Vegetables
  • Cryogenic nitrogen in the food and beverage industry

    The adoption of cryogenic processes in the food and beverage industry is predominantly driven by liquid nitrogen (LIN), and it is the preferred candidate for food chilling and...

    • Last update : 2023/11/07
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Freezing of foodstuffs
  • Global HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector

    This table shows HFC emissions from the refrigeration sector – including air conditioning – in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent for about 40 countries that are signatories...

    • Last update : 2022/01/20
    • Langues : English
    • Themes : General information on environment (climate change, ozone depletion…)
  • Liquefied Natural Gas: production process and cold energy recovery

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is natural gas that has been cooled to about -160 °C and turned into a liquid to facilitate transportation and storage. A typical LNG supply chain...

    • Last update : 2023/06/23
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : LNG and LPG
  • Ice cream manufacturing, environmental impact and market data

    From a physico-chemical point of view, ice cream is a complex, frozen multiphase mixture. The manufacturing process includes several stages of freezing which are described in this...

    • Last update : 2023/06/30
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Ice creams
  • Additive manufacturing of regenerators for caloric cooling

    In many areas of engineering, additive manufacturing allows the production of complex and multifunctional products that could not be manufactured using traditional methods. In the...

    • Last update : 2022/09/16
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Caloric cooling (magnetocaloric, electrocaloric, elastocaloric and barocaloric cooling)
  • Hydrocarbon refrigerants

    Hydrocarbons such as R290 (propane), R600a (isobutane) or R1270 (propene/propylene) are low GWP non-toxic natural refrigerants with excellent thermodynamic properties. They offer an...

    • Last update : 2022/06/22
    • Langues : French, English
    • Themes : Hydrocarbons, Containment, refrigerant charge reduction